Unit 12 Lesson 3 Stephen Hawking (ppt课件+音频+视频) _2022新北师大版(2019)《高中英语》选择性必修第四册.rar

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    • Unit 12 Lesson 3 Stephen Hawking (ppt课件+音频+视频) _2022新北师大版(2019)《高中英语》选择性必修第四册
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UNIT 12UNIT 12 INNOVATION INNOVATIONLESSON 3 LESSON 3 STEPHEN HAWKINGSTEPHEN HAWKINGToreadandidentifythelifeeventsofStephenHawkingToreadforspecificinformationandunderstandwordsincontextTofindmoreinformationaboutStephenHawkingonlineDoyouknowthescientistcalledStephenHawking?Watchthevideo.StephenHawkingStephenHawkingwasbornin1942inOxford,UK.Helikedmathsandsciencebestatschool.Andhewasinterestedinhowthingswork.Whenhewas21,Stephengotaseriousillness.Hecouldntwalkorspeak.Hehadtositinawheelchairandspeakthroughacomputer.Buthedidntgiveup.Stephenbecameagreatscientistthroughhishardwork.Heenjoyedwriting.OneofhismostfamousbooksisA Brief History of Time.StephenHawkingwasabrightstarintheworldofscience.Sadly,thisstarwentoutthisMarch.Hediedathishomeattheageof76.Have you heard about Stephen Hawking?What did he discover or do?What was special about him?oneoftheworldsmostfamousscientistsintheoreticalphysicstohaveararediseasetolosespeechtoovercomethechallengeofhisphysicalabilitiesdeclinetodiscoverthesecretsoftheuniverseThepicturebelowisofablackhole.Whatdoyouknowaboutblackholes?Discusswithyourgroupmembers.Look at the webpage about Stephen Hawking.Complete the information on the left.Then go back to Activity 1,and answer the questions in more detail.Birth_EducationStAlbansSchoolTheUniversityof_(1955-1962),studied_PhD,theUniversityofCambridge(1966)Oxford8January,1942physicsCareerInstituteofAstronomy,_(1968-1973)ProfessorofMathematics,Cambridge(1979-2009)DirectorofResearch,CentreforTheoreticalCosmology,Cambridge(2009-2018)CambridgeFamilyMarriedtoJaneWilde(1965-1991,threechildren)andElaineMason(1995-2006)StephenHawkingwasoneoftheworldsmostinfluentialscientists.Hewasfamousnotjustforhisbrilliantworkintheoreticalphysicsandcosmology,butalsoforovercomingthechallengesofALS(adiseasethataffectsmusclecontrol).Pair work Read the webpage again.Complete the timeline about Stephen Hawkings life and work.Then tell each other about him in pairs based on the timeline.19421959_1985wasbornwasdiagnosedwithALS1963wenttoUniversityofOxfordtostudyphysicshadtohaveanoperation/losthisspeechasaresult1988200520122018diedhisbookA Brief History of Time:From the Big Bang to Black Holes soldonecopyforevery750peopleonearthdecidedtowriteasimplerversion,A Briefer History of Time saidtoaTVaudienceof900millionpeopleattheopeningceremonyofLondon2012Olympics:“Lookupatthestarsandnotdownatyourfeetbecurious.”Please decide whether the following statements are true(T)or false(F).1.Formanypeople,thebookABriefHistoryofTime:FromtheBigBangtoBlackHolesishardtounderstand.()2.Hawkingonceconsideredhimselfanunluckymanafterhegotadisease.()3.Hawkingwasallowedtodoresearchonlyratherthanteachbecauseofhisyoungage.()TFF4.HawkingwasfamousforhisexcellentworkintheoreticalphysicsandresearchonALS.()5.Hawkingdevelopedanumberofnewideasaboutblackholeswhenhewasinpoorphysicalcondition.()6.Hawkingsuggestedputtingtogetheralltheexistingideas.()TFTRead the webpage again.Ask and answer the questions about Stephen Hawking in pairs.1.Whendidhebecomeill?Whatwastheresultofhisillness?HewasdiagnosedwithALSattheageof21.Hewasonlyexpectedtoliveforafewyears.2.Whatdidhestudy?Whatdidhefind?3.Whatbooksdidhewrite?Whatdidheargueinthebooks?Hestudiedblackhole.Therewasasortofholeinthecentreofablackhole.Thisholeledtoanotheruniverse,completelyseparatefromourown.HewroteFrom the Big Bang to Black Holes,A Briefer History of Time,The Grand Design.Hearguedthatweshouldlookforadifferentwaytodiscoverthedeepestsecretsoftheuniverse.4.Whatisablackhole?Ablackholeisaplaceinspacewheregravityisverystrong.Anythingthatfallsintoitnevercomesout.Notingcanescapefromit,notevenlight.Asaresult,itisimpossibletoseeablackhole.Introduce Stephen Hawking based on the diagram.StephenHawkingAttitudetowardslifeStudyBooksBirthEducationillnessThink and share.1.WhatwasStephenHawkingsattitudetowardslife?Findevidencefromthewebpage.Hawkinghadapositiveattitudetowardslifeandhenevergotdisappointedordiscouragedfromhisillness.“Hawkingwasfamous.Notjustforhisbrilliantworkintheoreticalphysicsandcosmology,butalso”“AlthoughHawkingsphysicalabilitiesdeclinedoverdecades,heneverceasedhisstudies”“Inspiteofhisdisease,Hawkingdidntconsiderhimselfanunluckyman.”“MyexpectationswerereducedtozerowhenIwas21.Everythingsincethenhasbeenabonus.”2.WhatdoyouthinkthissayingbyStephenHawkingmeans:“Lookupatthestarsandnotdownatyourfeetbecurious.”?Itmeansthatweshouldnotfocusonoureverydaylivesandworrytoomuchaboutunimportantmatters.Weshouldthinkonalargerscaleandbecuriousaboutnatureandthesimplethingsoflife.3.Howaretheparagraphsonthewebpageconnectedtoeachother?Findandcircletheindicators.Hawkinglaterfound,althoughHawkingsphysical,Hawkingalsowrote,InspiteofhisdiseaseComplete the summary of Stephen Hawkings life based on what you have learnt.StephenHawkingwasbornin1942.hestudiedatUniversitiesofOxfordandCambridge,butattheageof21,hewasdiagnosedwithaseriousdisease.However,hefinishedhis1._andgotajobattheUniversityofCambridgeandcontinuedhisworkin2._physicsand3._.studiestheoreticalcosmologyWhilehisreputationforhisworkspread,hisphysicalability4._.In1985,afteranoperation,hestartedtouse5._tohelphimtalk.However,Hawkingneverceasedhisstudiesandhecontinuedtodevelophistheorieson6._.Hawkingbelievedthathewasnotanunluckyperson.Fromhisdiagnosisat21heregardedeverythingsincethenasa7._.Hewasproudofhisfamilyandhiswork,andheappreciatedthehelpthatmanypeoplehadgivenhim.declinedspeech-generatingequipmentblackholesbonusWhatinspirationshaveyougotafterreadingthisstoryaboutStephenHawking?Discussinyourgroup.Read the following 3 facts about Stephen Hawking and discuss in your group what qualities he has as a scientist.AStephengrewupinahomewhereeducationwasveryimportant.HisparentswerebothacademicswhohadstudiedattheUniversityofOxford.Dinnertimeswereoftenspentinsilencewhilethefamilyreadbooks!BWhenhewasateenager,Stephenandhisfriendsbuiltacomputeroutofoldclockparts,telephoneswitchboardsandotherrecycleditems.Hisfriendsnicknamedhim“Einstein”!CStephenisrememberedasaninspirationtomanypeople.Hehadanamazingmind,incredibledeterminationanddidntlethisillnessstandinhisway.Hechallengeddoctorspredictions,livingforafurther55yearsafterhisdiagnosis.冲突冲突”与与“主题主题”STEPHENHAWKING一文介绍了霍金的生平,属于一文介绍了霍金的生平,属于人物特写人物特写类类记叙文记叙文。这类语篇具备记叙文的常见要素,如。这类语篇具备记叙文的常见要素,如人物、情节、人物、情节、冲突和主题冲突和主题。这。这篇课文篇课文对冲突的描写比较具体,同时对主题意对冲突的描写比较具体,同时对主题意义的挖掘也很深入义的挖掘也很深入。所谓所谓“冲突冲突”,是指,是指主要人物必须要解决或克服的在情节发展主要人物必须要解决或克服的在情节发展过程过程中所中所出现的主要问题或障碍出现的主要问题或障碍。冲突的表现形式多种多样,。冲突的表现形式多种多样,常见的有四种:常见的有四种:人与人与人之间的冲突人之间的冲突、人与自然的冲突人与自然的冲突、人与社人与社会的冲突和人物本身的冲突会的冲突和人物本身的冲突。本单元课文中所描述的冲突属于本单元课文中所描述的冲突属于人物本身人物本身的冲突,确切地讲,的冲突,确切地讲,是主要人物霍金如何克服自身身体残疾是主要人物霍金如何克服自身身体残疾。语语篇第二段和第三段着重描写了这一冲突,具体表现为:篇第二段和第三段着重描写了这一冲突,具体表现为:hehadarareALS,hisillnessgotworse,helosthisspeech,helosttheuseofhishands。此外,本文对主题意义的挖掘也值得深思。语篇此外,本文对主题意义的挖掘也值得深思。语篇通过通过AlthoughHawkingsphysicalabilitiesdeclinedoverdecades,heneverceasedhisstudiesandhedevelopedanumberofnewideasaboutblackholes,Inspiteofhisdisease,Hawkingdidntconsiderhimselfanunluckyman,hebelievedthiswasbecauseofthehelphereceivedfromhisfamilyandalargenumberofpeopleandorganisations等语句为我们描写出一个等语句为我们描写出一个不畏疾病不畏疾病、努力钻研努力钻研,同时又,同时又积极乐观积极乐观、充满感恩之心充满感恩之心的科学家形象。的科学家形象。FindmoreinformationaboutStephenHawkingonline.Doyoufeelinspiredbyhim?Givereasonsalongwithyourcomments.
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